Identification and induction for mothers with> 41 weeks of gestation – 52 000Every day, more than 7200 children are born dead – a death just when parents expect to welcome a new life – and 98 percent of them occur in low-income and middle income. High income countries are not immune, with one in 320 births – a rate that has changed little over the last decade.
Two-thirds occur in rural areas where skilled birth attendants – in particular midwives and physicians – are not always available for essential care during childbirth and obstetric emergencies, including caesarean section.
Many stillbirths are invisible because they are not registered and are not considered a serious public health problem. Yet it is a heartbreaking defeat for women and families. We need to recognize these losses, not everything possible to avoid them .
The Lancet series of still births, shows that the approach to the problem of neonatal mortality is to strengthen existing programs for maternal, newborn and child health, focusing on key interventions, which also have benefits for mothers and babies.
The five leading causes of neonatal mortality are complications during childbirth, maternal infections during pregnancy, maternal factors the restriction of fetal growth and birth defects.
The new estimates show that the number of stillbirths worldwide fell by only 1.6 million in 2009. This is still slower than the reduction of maternal and children in the same period.
It is estimated that nearly 66 percent – about 1.8 million stillbirths – occur in just 10 countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Republic of Tanzania.
In September 2010, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has announced the Global Strategy for the Health of Women and Children, which aims to save 16 million women and children over the next five years. Under the strategy, many countries have undertaken to improve access to family planning, antenatal care and skilled birth attendants, which should lead to the reduction of stillbirths.
Approximately 2.6 million stillbirths worldwide took place in 2009, according to the first complete set of estimates today in a special series of the British medical journal The Lancet.
There is the possibility of an overproduction of cytokines can lead to viral diseases to be extremely serious, said Professor Gunther Hartmann. Interferon and then in turn goes to sleep fighting killer cells, which then destroy the infected cells.
Well-known interventions for women and stillbirths would save too
Some 69 authors from over 50 organizations in 18 countries wrote the six scientific papers, two research papers, and eight related comments included in the Lancet series stillbirths, which was launched by WHO and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
Almost half of all stillbirths, 1.2 million euros, occur when the woman is in labor. These deaths are directly related to the lack of qualified assistance at this critical time for mothers and children.
If every woman had access to an experienced midwife – a midwife, and, if necessary, a doctor – both critical care and emergency procedures such as caesarean sections, you would see a drastic drop in stillbirths, said Carole Presern , Director of the Partnership for Maternal and Child Health , and a midwife.
Strengthening family planning services also save lives by reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies, especially among women at high risk, and reduce stillbirths.
In September of this year, a special session on non-communicable diseases will be held at the United Nations General Assembly.
Non-communicable diseases like diabetes and hypertension () are risk factors for stillbirth.