1 The retractions came only weeks after BioMed Central.

But that move may not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi uncovered this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors suggest reviewers for his or her manuscripts, it decided to examine the peer-review information for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure found in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors were not subject to any sort of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies did elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses from which they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.Software that puts digital reality technology created at Iowa Condition University to function helping individuals and doctors, teachers and students. Software that’s now being sold by an Ames startup business, BodyViz.com. Two-dimensional imaging technologies have been used in medication for a long time, stated Eliot Winer, an Iowa State associate professor of mechanical engineering and an associate director of Iowa State’s Virtual Reality Applications Middle. But those flat images aren’t quickly read and comprehended by anybody but experts. ‘If I’m a surgeon or an oncologist or a major care physician, I cope with patients in 3-D,’ Winer said.